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Arctic National Wildlife Refugeowl, tent, flower, river
Refuge Information | Wildlife | Habitat | People
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Why we archived the ANWR website at

Refuge Summary

Refuge Information: Located in northeastern Alaska, the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is the most northern and one of the largest Refuges within America's National Wildlife Refuge System. The Arctic Refuge is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.

Nature remains essentially undisturbed in this scenic, pristine land. The Arctic Refuge's primary mandate: to protect the wildlife and habitats of this area for the benefit of people now and in the future.


(This section contains General as well as Oil Development information.)

Wildlife: The Arctic Refuge contains an impressive variety of arctic wildlife. Dominated by the rugged and majestic Brooks Range, the Refuge is vast and remote - domain of the wandering Porcupine Caribou herd, packs of wolves, hardy muskoxen, lone wolverines, flocks of snow geese, and other wilderness-dependent species.

The rich pageant of wildlife found within the Refuge includes more than 160 bird species, 36 kinds of land mammals, nine marine mammal species, and 36 types of fish.

Habitat: The Arctic Refuge is among the most complete, pristine, and undisturbed ecosystems on earth. Here coastal lagoons, barrier islands, arctic tundra, foothills, mountains, and boreal forests provide a combination of habitats, climate, and geography unmatched by any other northern conservation area - conditions that support the Refuge's diverse community of life.

People: The Arctic Refuge is a landscape like those that shaped America's unique heritage and culture - a place of reflection, beauty, and adventure. It's big and wild enough to make you feel like one of the old-time explorers - self- reliant, independent, and free.

The Refuge is an inspiration to nature enthusiasts, and a home to local Inupiat Eskimo and Gwich'in Indian communities. It is also a symbol, even for those who will never visit, of the link between wilderness and wildlife, and the need for both, now and in the future.

Refuges: where wildlife comes first

Refuge Information | Wildlife | Habitat | People
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Why we archived the ANWR website at

Note: This is the archive of the FWS Arctic National Wildlife Refuge website. In December, 2001 FWS took this website offline, making it unavailable to the public. It includes 90 plus pages of information and many maps. As of 2006 the important information contained in this, the original "unsanitized" version of the FWS website, has yet to return to the internet, so we will continue to maintain it here as a permanent archive to help inform activists and concerned citizens. If you find any broken links, please report them to me at and I will attempt to make the repairs. January, 2008 update - A small part of the original information that was present in 2001 has made it back into the current ANWR website. There is also an archive that contains a small amount of the original information, but it is not readily available from the main website.

Click here to visit our homepage. Click here for NRDC's message about ANWR from Robert Redford.

For more information on why this website was "pulled," Check here. And, you can also view the maps of caribou calving areas that the FWS did not want you to see here.

January 29, 2008: Visit Our New ANWR News for Updates

This page should be cited as follows:

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2001. Potential impacts of proposed oil and gas
       development on the Arctic Refuge’s coastal plain: Historical overview and
       issues of concern. Web page of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge,
       Fairbanks, Alaska. 17 January 2001.


Archived by Visit us at is an independent firm specializing in the publication of educational and research resources. We created the first U.S. based interactive toxic chemical facility maps on the internet in 1996 and we have been online ever since. Learn more about us and view some of our projects and services.

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