democratizing GIS
Home   Store   Free GIS   Education   Free Shapefiles   Census   Weather   Energy   Climate Change   News   Maps   TOPO   Aerial   GPS   Learn GIS

DOWNLOAD SHAPEFILES: Canada FSA Postal - Zip Code - U.S. Waterbodies & Wetlands - Geographic Names - School Districts - Indian Federal Lands
Zip Code/Demographics - U.S. Streams, Rivers & Waterways - Tornadoes - Nuclear Facilities - Dams & Risk - 2013 Toxic Release Inventory TRI

FREE MAPCRUZIN UPDATES
Enter your e-mail



GIS Shapefile Store - for Beginners & Experienced GIS Users Alike. Geographic Names Information System, Nuclear Facilities, Zip Code Boundaries, School Districts, Indian & Federal Lands, Climate Change, Tornadoes, Dams - Create digital GIS maps in minutes.

Toxic Release Inventory TRI Shapefiles

Canada FSA Postal Code Shapefile

GNIS Shapefiles 2,000,000+ Points

Nuclear Energy Facilities in the U.S.

Download Zip Code with Demographics Shapefiles

Download U.S. Streams & Rivers Shapefiles

Download Water Body & Wetland Shapefiles

Download Zip Code Boundary Shapefiles

Download School District Shapefiles

Download Indian & Federal Land Shapefiles

Download Climate Change Shapefiles

Download Tornado Shapefiles

Download Dams & Risks Shapefiles

Follow Mapcruzin.com on Twitter Follow on Twitter

A Member of the
Reimagination Network

Didn't find what you are looking for? Email me and I'll find it for you.

Progressive Links

Federation of American Scientists

Physicians for Social Responsibility

Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility

Union of Concerned Scientists

Alternet

Reader Supported News

Common Dreams

Truthout

Huffington Post

Media Matters

Think Progress

Grist Environmental News

Have a question or comment? Post them at the MapCruzin Blog.

Climate Shift Blog

MapCruzin Consulting
GIS and Google Maps Development, Website Creation and Hosting, Fast and Affordable.

GIS Tutorials

GIS Basics

GIS Terminology

Of Interest

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Maps

Climate Shift - The effects of climate shift on the future of planet earth and its inhabitants.

Right to Know or Left to Wonder?

Hazardscapes - Toxic and Nuclear Risks in your backyard.

War & Environment

Worst Case Scenarios: Terrorism & industrial chemicals.


Subscribe for Updates


<-- Return To Global Regional Climate Effects

Asia and Middle-East
Climate Change Effects

Bangladesh Country Report

A definite trend toward increasing rainfall is expected to accompany climate change in Bangladesh, an ominous development in a country with such large areas of low elevation. Considering the possibility of greater variability in precipitation, water management is a key adaptation issue, with improved irrigation facilities to stabilize food grain production. High priority is suggested for a national system of tradable water rights. Since many of Bangladesh's rivers arise in the Himalayas of Nepal and India, regional cooperation in water management and water sharing is accorded front rank.

Bangladesh Is Used to Coping
But Rising Seas Pose New Dangers

"The people of Bangladesh have been living with natural hazards and catastrophe [particularly river and coastal flooding] for thousands of years," say the authors of this report on sea level rise, and the Bangladeshi have developed methods of coping with them. However, the threat of sea level rise because of climate change is "something new and potentially devastating." The country will have to develop a more comprehensive view of its coasts and how to manage them, taking into account global sea level rise, subsidence, population growth and development. It will need help from the world community to face this new challenge.

CHINA: Typhoon Surges May
Overwhelm China's Ancient Dikes

If sea level rose one meter, inundation or more frequent flooding would cover 125,000 square kilometers, home to 73 million people on China's long coastline. Protective dikes are already overtopped during typhoons, coasts are eroding and saltwater intrudes along the four large coastal plains. Natural subsidence is exacerbated by excessive drawing of groundwater. But protection of these coasts would be both affordable and economically effective, according to the authors.

China Faces Many Complexities
Besides Heavy Reliance on Coal

As almost everyone in the atmospheric community knows, the principal energy source for India and China is coal. At present 75 percent of China's energy comes from coal.

According to the assumptions for a baseline Chinese scenario presented by Professor Wu Zhongxin of Tsinghua University, the "primary energy supply will continue to depend largely on the exploitation and utilization of domestic energy resources," meaning coal. Importation of a large amount of natural gas and oil "will be considered as national strategy" in the long term. The country plans to speed up its exploitation of hydropower, and is in the process of building immense dams, such as the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River. Nuclear power is expected to play an important role in easing pressure on fossil fuel supplies, especially in the coastal areas where economic growth is high and energy is short. A smaller role is envisioned for renewable fuels: biomass, wind, solar, waste gassification as a supplementary source for "rural and remote areas."

India Country Report

There are 6500 kms of low-lying, densely-populated coastline in India, placing the lives and livelihood of more than seven million people at risk if the sea level rises by one meter. The economic costs of sea level rise are large amounting to 43 percent of the 1988 GNP, mostly from loss of land, according to the India country study which was conducted by a well-qualified national team led by the Tata Energy Research Institute. Estimates of the average cost of protections, such as bulkheads, dikes, island elevation and beach nourishment, spread over 40 years, come to roughly 0.1 percent of the GNP.

India Looks To Gas And
Renewables to Reduce Use of Coal

Like China, India depends heavily on coal for energy. With coal as the primary source of industrial and electricity generation, it is also the main source of greenhouse gas emissions. However, Nandita Mongia, deputy coordinator of the Global Environment Facility for Asia and Pacific of the UNDP, stated that there is significant potential for reducing emissions in the country and saving money while doing so. There are mitigation options for the electric power and forest sectors, and carbon emissions may profitably be avoided through both efficiency improvement and fuel switching.

Indonesia Country Report

Climate change will alter the daily lives of millions of Indonesians by threatening everything from adequate food and water supplies to ecotourism revenues. Reverberating throughout the natural and socioeconomic environments, sea level rise, increased temperatures, and disrupted rain cycles will affect coasts, river basins, and upland areas. Agriculture, fisheries, and other sectors which are central to Indonesian cultures, subsistence, and economies will be particularly sensitive to these changes.

Malaysia Country Report

Climate change could cause the collapse of essential industries - coastal tourism, mangrove products and fisheries - along Malaysia's extended shoreline which is now devoted either to agriculture or dense cities. Beaches may retreat up to 100 meters inland and beach hotels may be ruined. Bunds may be overtopped and abandoned, and the sea may advance 2.5 km inland, causing widespread destruction of agricultural land and facilities.

Malaysia Awakens to Erosions
Threat Along Its Extensive Coast

Coastal erosion along Malaysia's nearly 5000 km coastline is reaching crisis proportions even without sea level rise and is the most serious climate change impact facing the nation. Inundation and increased flooding also pose severe threats particularly to the dominant coastal activity - agriculture.

Pakistan Country Report

The most significant impact of climate change on Pakistan is likely to come from the increased variation of the monsoons. Doubling of CO2 in the atmosphere, according to some models, could increase average summer monsoon rains by up to 60 percent. Resulting floods would hit the densely populated areas which produce most of the food, fiber and fodder in the country; they would destroy irrigation systems and crops, especially cotton which is the main cash crop of Pakistan. Erosion and landslides from the aggravated rains would jeopardize the fragile livelihoods of people in the mountain ecosystems Another frequently used model, by contrast, foresees summer monsoon rains decreasing, placing heavy stress on winter wheat, the main food staple. In either case, changes in agriculture and redesign of irrigation will be essential.

Philippines Country Report

An average of 19 typhoons now hit the Philippines each year, and three major droughts struck the country during the 1980s. Under climate change the country can expect even more typhoons, floods, storms and droughts. Sea level rise compounds the risks, leading Filipinos, already concerned about their vulnerability, to view climate change scenarios for 2010 and 2070 with alarm.

A Senator from US and One from the
Philippines Urge Green Energy Support

"Science has turned the corner on understanding the causes of climate change,"and we must now think about how to reduce and adapt to these changes, said Senator Joe Lieberman of Connecticut, in a speech to Summit participants.

Citing the signals we are receiving -from increased floods and drought, coastal damage, hurricanes and tropical storms, sea level rise, spread of infectious disease and loss of forests - he said the cost of doing nothing may be prohibitive. What is the best way of moving forward?

http://www.climate.org/pubs/ climate_alert/articles/8.1/ramos.shtml">Address of Philippine
President Fidel V. Ramos

On behalf of the people and government of the Philippines, I bid you welcome to Manila.

That a developing country is hosting a conference on so complex a subject should surprise no one. Developing and underdeveloped countries are the most vulnerable and least capable of protecting themselves from this global threat.

If the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 achieved anything unanimously, surely it is the fact that it made all of earth's leaders conscious and fearful of what is happening to our natural environment. This is not to say that all our countries - developed and developing - see environmental problems in the same way. Our national priorities vary according to our circumstances.

Sri Lanka Country Report

By the year 2070, climate change in Sri Lanka is likely to have brought average temperatures to their highest level in the past 120 years and extreme weather that will cause high environmental damage. Impacts on the nation's coastal area, site of the largest concentration of people and economic activity, will be most severe with flooding and storm surges, beaches narrowed by erosion - leading to possible damage to hotels - and salt water invasion of estuaries and aquifers. The coastal population estimated at about 7.5 million in 2000 will have nearly doubled by 2070.

Viet Nam Country Report

The vast majority of the people of Viet Nam - about 80 percent - are engaged in agriculture, the economic sector most likely to be affected by climate change: increased temperatures and rainfall, sea level rise, more typhoons, floods and other disasters. Because of the potential adverse consequences to so many of its citizens, the country has begun to consider climate change issues actively.

Russia Hopes to Stabilize
CO2 Emissions by 2010

The Russian Federation is in second place as an emitter of greenhouse gases with its share of total world emissions at 11 percent, stated Vladimir Kh. Berdin, Chief of the Climate Change Division of Russian's Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring Service. (More recent data put China slightly ahead of Russia. The U.S. share stands at 23 percent.) However, if Russia's hopes and plans are followed, the country sees the possibility of stabilizing emissions at 1990 levels by 2010.

<-- Return To Global Regional Climate Effects

Follow on Facebook
News & Updates

Find: Maps, Shapefiles, GIS Software & More

MapCruzin Blog for updates, questions and answers

Mapcruzin Free GIS Tools, Resources, News and Maps

↑ Grab this Headline Animator

Blog Updates

More Blog Updates

Downloads

Google Earth Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) Maps
Lester Brown's Plan B 3.0
State GIS Shapefiles, Maps & Resources
GIS Shapefiles & Maps
GIS Programs, Tools & Resources
Free World Country & Regional Maps
GIS / GPS Careers and Job Positions
Disease Outbreak Maps
TOPO Maps
Extreme Weather & Disaster Maps
Free World Maps from the CIA Factbook
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge ANWR Maps
Oil and Gas Maps
Africanized Honey Bees
Renewable Energy Potential Maps of the United States
Terrorism Maps
War Maps
Google Maps
Weather Maps
GPS Resources
Historical Maps of the World
Google Earth
Library of Congress American Memory Map Downloads
Toxic Chemical Pollution Maps
Climate Change Maps
Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) Maps
Census Shapefiles
World Maps

Issues

Environmental Justice
Data Sources
Greenwash & JunkScience
Statistical Resources
Wireless Dangers
Surviving Climate Change
Global Right-To-Know
Creating Living Economies
Books of Note
Toxic Klamath River
Federal Lands Maps
TRI Analysis
TRI Webmaps
EnviroRisk Map Network
Community-Based Research
Right-To-Know or Left to Wonder?
Chemical Industry Archives
21st Century Warfare
Biotechnology
Nanotechnology
Globalization/Democracy
National Parks and Public Lands
Trade Secrets/Toxic Deception
GIS Books
Our Projects
Other Projects
1999 Archive Environews
Environmental Books
Environmental Links
Redwood Coast Information
Recycle, Salvage, Reuse

Resources
Shapefile Store
Free GIS Software
Free Map Downloads
Free Shapefiles
Free Remote Sensing
Free Topo Maps
Free GIS Tutorial
Free GPS
ToxicRisk.com
ClimateShift.com
Maptivist.com

About MapCruzin - Cookies, Privacy, Fair Use and Disclaimer - Advertise on MapCruzin.com

Website development and hosting provided by Michael Meuser

Copyright © 1996 - 2017 Michael Meuser, All Rights Reserved
MapCruzin is a Pop-Up Free Website -- Best Viewed With ANY Browser