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Costly Landslide Events in the United States

Costly Landslide Events in the United States

Metadata also available as - [Outline] - [Parseable text] - [XML] - [DIF]

Frequently-anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title: Costly Landslide Events in the United States
Abstract:
This map layer shows point locations of costly individual landslide events in the 50 United States and Puerto Rico. Landslide locations were determined from published landslide maps and coordinates, and in several cases the points locate the nearest town or other geographic feature. In all cases the locations should be considered approximate. Costly events are defined as those where there was public or private property damage or loss of human life. Landslides are defined in a broad manner, to include most types of gravitational mass movement such as rockfalls, debris flows, and the failure of engineered soil materials. Landslide causes include earthquakes, reservoir draw-downs, and heavy precipitation.
Supplemental_Information:
The purpose of this project was to identify and compile data relating to the most costly landslide events in the United States. Damage estimates are generally direct costs, or calculable expenses incurred by owners of private or public property that were impacted by a landslide. Many of the highest costs were the result of damage to the transportation infrastructure. For example, the 1983 Thistle Landslide in Utah destroyed a section of both U.S. Highway 6 and the main line of the Denver and Rio Grande railway. Much of the estimated cost of $400 million was attributed to the damage to these transportation routes. Indirect costs such as those incurred through increased travel times, loss of jobs, and reduced income as a result of a landslide event can be significant. However, an accurate accounting of these costs is often difficult. For example, the April 1998 Anzar Road landslide in San Benito County, California severed a utility line that provided natural gas service to an adjacent county. Restaurants and other businesses were forced to close for a time, resulting in lost revenues, wages, and income for the people affected.

An additional map layer showing costly regional landslide events is also available as part of the National Atlas of the United States. Regional events are those where extensive landsliding was triggered by a single meteorological or seismic event. The regional extents should also be considered approximate, and in several cases the limits shown represent an arbitrary administrative boundary rather than the extent of landsliding related to a storm or earthquake.

More information on the USGS National Landslides Hazards Program is available at <http://landslides.usgs.gov/>.

  1. How should this data set be cited?

    Godt, Jonathan W. , 200104, Costly Landslide Events in the United States: National Atlas of the United States, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -158
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -66
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 47
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 18

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Calendar_Date: 2001
    Currentness_Reference: Publication date

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Vector digital data

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

      This is a Vector data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):

      • Entity point (32)

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.000278. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.000278. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal degrees.

      The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1983.
      The ellipsoid used is GRS1980.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.0.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257222.

  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

    Landslide location (described by landslx020.dbf).
    A place where a costly landslide has occurred. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Shape
    The representation of the entity in the data. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    ValueDefinition
    Point0-dimensional element.

    Area
    The size of the shape in coverage units. In the distributed file, coverage units represent square decimal degrees. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Range of values
    Minimum:0.000
    Maximum:0.000

    Perimeter
    The perimeter of the shape in coverage units. In the distributed file, coverage units represent decimal degrees. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Range of values
    Minimum:0.000
    Maximum:0.000

    Landslx020
    Internal feature number. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Range of values
    Minimum:1
    Maximum:32

    Type
    Landslide type. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

    ValueDefinition
    DReservoir dam failure
    LLandslide
    RRockslide/rock avalanche

    Year
    The year of the landslide occurrence. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

    Range of values
    Minimum:1925
    Maximum:1998

    Month
    The month of the landslide occurrence. A value of 0 indicates either that the month is unknown, or that the landslide event took place over more than one month. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

    Range of values
    Minimum:0
    Maximum:8

    Day
    The day of the landslide occurrence. A value of 0 indicates either that the day is unknown, or that the landslide event took place over more than one day. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

    Range of values
    Minimum:0
    Maximum:22

    Locality
    The location of the landslide. The locality can be the name of a nearby town or place, the name of the landslide itself, or the name of a dam. The locality includes the State or territory name. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

    There is no predefined set of valid localities.

    Deaths
    The number of fatalities associated with the landslide. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

    Range of values
    Minimum:0
    Maximum:500

    Comments
    Significant features of the landslide event. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

    There is no predefined set of valid comments.

    Trigproc
    The process that triggered the landslide, such as rainfall or an earthquake. A blank indicates the trigger is unknown. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

    There is no predefined set of valid landslide triggers.

    Name
    The name of the landslide. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

    There is no predefined set of valid landslide names.

    Damage___m
    The cost of damage attributed to the landslide, in millions of U.S. dollars. A value of 0 indicates that the damage costs are not known. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

    Range of values
    Minimum:0.0000
    Maximum:900.0000

    Reference
    The bibliographic reference(s) from which the information on the landslide was drawn. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

    Formal codeset
    Codeset Name:Landslides Bibliography
    Codeset Source:The full bibliography is available from the Point of Contact listed above, and is also included as a text file bundled with the downloadable data.

    Number
    Internal reference number for the landslide. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

    Range of values
    Minimum:1
    Maximum:32

    State
    The 2-letter code for the State in which the facility is located. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

    Formal codeset
    Codeset Name:Codes for the Identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the Outlying Areas of the United States, and Associated Areas, FIPS 5-2, 1987.
    Codeset Source:U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology

    State_fips
    The two-digit code for the State in which the facility is located. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

    Formal codeset
    Codeset Name:Codes for the Identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the Outlying Areas of the United States, and Associated Areas, FIPS 5-2, 1987.
    Codeset Source:U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology


Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

    • Jonathan W. Godt

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    The following individuals also contributed to this map layer: Lynn Highland, Matthew McKeever, Nathan Trevor, and Margo Johnson.

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    Lynn Highland
    U.S. Geological Survey, National Landslide Information Center
    Director
    MS 966 Box 25046
    Denver, CO 80225

    800-654-4966 (voice)
    303-273-8626 (FAX)
    highland@usgs.gov


Why was the data set created?

These data are intended for geographic display and analysis at the national level, and for large regional areas. The data should be displayed and analyzed at scales appropriate for 1:2,000,000-scale data. No responsibility is assumed by the National Atlas of the United States or the U.S. Geological Survey in the use of these data.


How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

    LANDSL (source 1 of 1)
    Sources for these data are numerous. They include articles in professional journals and newspaper accounts., Unknown, Landslide reports.

    Other_Citation_Details:
    A complete source bibliography is included as a text file bundled with the downloadable data. The file is called landslx_sources.txt.
    Type_of_Source_Media: Variable
    Source_Contribution: Spatial and attribute information.

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: 2000 (process 1 of 2)
    Landslide locations were digitized from published maps and coordinates. In several cases the data point locates the nearest cultural feature referenced in the literature.

    Data sources used in this process:

    • LANDSL

    Date: 2001 (process 2 of 2)
    Attributes for State and State FIPS code were added. References to landslide images were removed.

  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

    No explicit attempt was made to evaluate the accuracy of the landslide locations.

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

    No tests for horizontal positional accuracy were performed on this map layer. The horizontal positional accuracy of the observations is unknown.

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?

    This map layer is a representative sample of the most costly individual landslide events in the United States. The map layer is not an exhaustive account of landslide damage.

  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    No formal tests were conducted other than a review of the relevant literature.


How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
None. Acknowledgment of the National Atlas of the United States of America and (or) the U.S. Geological Survey would be appreciated in products derived from these data.

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    Earth Science Information Center, U.S. Geological Survey
    507 National Center
    Reston, VA 20192

    1-888-ASK-USGS (1-888-275-8747) (voice)

    Contact_Instructions:
    In addition to the address above there are other ESIC offices throughout the country. A full list of these offices is at <http://ask.usgs.gov/esic_index.html>.

  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the U.S. Geological Survey regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. No responsibility is assumed by the U.S. Geological Survey in the use of these data.

  4. How can I download or order the data?


Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 17-Jul-2006
Metadata author:
Peg Rawson
National Atlas of the United States
12201 Sunrise Valley Dr
Reston, VA 20192

703-648-4183 (voice)
atlasmail@usgs.gov

Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)



 


Generated by mp version 2.9.1 on Mon Aug 21 14:55:47 2006