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Environmental Inequality Bibliography

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Compiled by

Dr. Andrew Szasz
Associate Professor
Sociology Board
University of California, Santa Cruz

Michael Meuser
Ph.D. Candidate
Sociology Board
University of California, Santa Cruz

Converted to HTML format by

Aran Meuser
WWW Authoring Consultant

Last Updated: April 23, 1997

Please send any comments, additions, corrections to

Adams, John A. 1992. "The Mainstream Environmental Movement: Predominantly White Memberships Are Not Defensible." EPA Journal, 18(1): 25-27.

Albrecht, S.L. 1995. "Equity and Justice in Environmental Decision Making: A Proposed Research Agenda." Society and Natural Resources. 8(1)(Jan-Feb): 67-72.

Alley, Kelly D., Charles E. Faupel, and Conner Bailey. In press. "The Historical Transformation of a Grassroots Environmental Group." Human Organization. Forthcoming Spring 1996.

Almeida, Paul. 1994. "The Network for Environmental and Economic Justice in the Southwest: Interview with Richard Moore." Capitalism, Nature, Socialism, 5(1)(March): 21-54.

Alston, Dana. 1992. "Transforming a Movement: People of Color Unite at Summit Against Environmental Racism." Sojourners, 21(January): 30-31.

_____. 1991. "Black, Brown, Poor and Poisoned: Minority Grassroots Environmentalism and the Quest for Eco-Justice." Kansas Journal of Law and Public Policy, 68.

_____. (ed.). 1990. We Speak for Ourselves: Social Justice, Race and Environment. Washington: Panos Institute.

Alternative Policy Institute of the Center for Third World Organizing. 1986. Toxics and Minority Communities: Issue PAC #2. Oakland, CA: Center for Third World Organizing.

Ambler, Marjane. 1991. "On the Reservations: No Haste, No Waste." Planning, 57(11)(November): 26-29.

Anderson, Andy B. et al. 1994. "Environmental Equity: Evaluating TSDF Siting Over the past Two Decades." Waste Age, (July): 83-100.

Anderson, J.E. 1986. "US Population Distribution and the Location of Hazardous Waste Sites." Paper presented at the Population Association of America Annual Meeting, (April).

Anderton, Douglas L. et al. 1994. "Environmental Equity: The Demographics of Dumping." Demography, 31(2).

Angel, Bradley. 1991. Toxic Threat to Indian Lands: A Greenpeace Report. San Francisco: Greenpeace.

Anonymous. 1994. "Not Just Prosperity: Achieving Sustainability with Environmental Justice." National Wildlife Federation, (April).

Anonymous. 1993. "A Place at the Table: A Sierra Roundtable on Race, Justice, and the Environment." Sierra, 78(3) (May-June): 50.

Anonymous. 1992. "Environmental Policy Tainted by Racism. (The Year in Review)." National Law Journal, 15(17-18) (Mon, Dec 28, 1992): S4, col 1.

Anthony, Carl. 1992. "Rebuild the Cities." (Urban reconstruction) (Includes related article). Earth Island Journal, 7(4)(Fall):44.

Arrandale, Tom. 1992. "Environmentalism and Racism." Governing (February).

Asch, Peter and Joseph L. Seneca. 1978. "Some Evidence on the Distribution of Air Quality." Land Economics, 54: 278-297.

Austin, D.F., et al. 1984. Epidemiological Study of the Incidence of Cancer as Related to Industrial Emissions in Contra Costa County, California. Report to the Environmental Protection Agency, EPA-600-S1-84-008.

Austin, Regina and Michael Schill. 1991. "Black, Brown, Poor and Poisoned: Minority Grassroots Environmentalism and the Quest for Eco-Justice." Kansas Journal of Law and Public Policy, 1: 69-.

Bailey, Conner, Kelly Alley, Charles E. Faupel, and Cathy Solheim. 1995. "Environmental Justice and the Professional." In: Bunyan Bryant (ed.), Environmental Justice: Issues, Policies, and Solutions. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Bailey, Conner, Charle E. Faupel and Kelly Alley. 1994. "Environmental Racism." Journal of Agricultural & Food Information, 2(4):3-21.

Bailey, Conner, Charles E. Faupel and James H. Gundlach. 1993. "Environmental Politics in Alabama's Blackbelt." In: Robert Bullard (ed.), Confronting Environmental Racism: Voices from the Grassroots. Boston: South End Press. pp. 107-122.

Bailey, Conner and Charles E. Faupel. 1993. "Environmental Justice: Mobilization of a Social Movement." Proceedings of a Preconference of the 50th Annual Professional Agricultural Workers Conference, Tuskegee University, December 5-6, 1992. pp. 51-60.

Bailey, Conner and Charles E. Faupel. 1992. "Movers and Shakers and PCB Takers: Hazardous Waste and Community Power." Sociological Spectrum, 13:89-115.

Bailey, Conner, Charles E. Faupel and Susan H. Holland. 1992. "Hazardous Wastes and Differing Perceptions of Risk in Sumter County, Alabama." Society and Natural Resources, V:21-36.

Bailey, Conner and Charles E. Faupel. 1992. "Environmentalism and Civil Rights in Sumter County, Alabama." In: Bunyan Bryant and Paul Mohai (eds.), Race and the Incidence of Environmental Hazards. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press. pp. 140-152.

Bailey, Conner, Charles E. Faupel, Susan Holland and Amy Waren. 1989. "Public Opinions and Attitudes Regarding Hazardous Waste in Alabama: Results from Three 1988 Surveys." Rural Sociology Series No. 14. Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University. September 1989. 128 p. [Focus of surveys was on nation's largest hazardous waste landfill near Emelle, Alabama.]

Bari, J. and J. Kohl. 1991. "Environmental Justice: Highlander After Myles." Social Policy, 21(3): 71-77.

Barnett, P.G. 1989. Survey of Research on the Impacts of Pesticides on Agricultural Workers and the Rural Environment. Working Group on Farm Labor and Rural Poverty, Working Paper #2. Davis, CA: California Institute of Rural Studies.

Barsh, R. 1990. "Indigenous Peoples, Racism and the Environment." Meanjin, 49(4)(Summer): 723-731.

Baugh, Joyce A. and John H. Baugh. 1991. "African-Americans and the Environment: A Review Essay." Policy Studies Journal, 19(2): 182-191.

Beasley, Conger. 1990a. "Of Pollution and Poverty." Buzzworm: The Environmental Journal, 2(May/June): 10-17.

_____. 1990b. "Of Pollution and Poverty(Part II)." Buzzworm: The Environmental Journal, 2(July/august): 38-46.

Beasley, Conger and J. C. Leacock. 1990. "Of Pollution and Poverty(Part III)." Buzzworm: The Environmental Journal, 2(Sept/Oct): 39-45.

Been, Vicki. 1994. "Locally Undesirable Land Uses in Minority Neighborhoods: Disproportionate Siting or Market Dynamics? Yale Law Journal, 103(6)(April): 1383-1422.

_____. 1993. "What's Fairness Got to do With It: Environmental Justice and the Siting of Locally Undesirable Land Uses." Cornell Law Review, 78(6)(September): 1001-1085.

Belliveau, Michael, Michael Kent, and Grant Rosenblum. 1989a. Richmond at Risk: Community Demographics and Toxic Hazards from Industrial Polluters. San Francisco: Citizens for a Better Environment.

_____. 1989b. Richmond at Risk: Community Demographics and Toxic Hazards from Industrial Polluters - Summary. San Francisco: Citizens for a Better Environment.

Bembry L and R. Woerner. 1994. "Environmental Justice - The New Kid On The Block." Journal Of Forestry, 92(9): 68-68.

Bennet, James. 1993. "Hispanic Voters and the Politics of Sludge." New York Times, (March 5): B1.

Berry, Brian L., et. al. 1977. The Social Burdens of Environmental Pollution: A Comparative Metropolitan Data Source. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing Co.

Blank, Linda D. 1994. "Seeking Solutions to Environmental Inequity: The Environmental Justice Act." Environmental Law, 24(3)(July): 1109-1136.

Blowers, Andrew and Leroy Pieter. 1994. "Power, Politics and Environmental Inequality: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis of the Process of 'Peripheralisation'." Environmental Politics, 3(2)(Summer): 197(32 pages).

Boerner, Christopher and Thomas Lambert. 1995. "Environmental Injustice." Public Interest, 118 (Winter): 61(22 pages).

_____. 1994. Environmental Justice. St. Louis: Center for the Study of American Business, Washington University.

Booth, Annie L. and Harvey M. Jacobs. 1990. "Ties That Bind: Native American Beliefs as a Foundation for Environmental Consciousness." Environmental Ethics, 12(1): 27-43.

Boulard, G. 1993. "Combating Environmental Racism." Christian Science Monitor, 17(March): 8-.

Bowen, W., M. Salling, E. Cryan, and H. Moody. 1993. "The Spatial Association between Race, Income and Industrial Toxic Emissions in Cuyahoga County, Ohio." Paper presented at the Annual Meetings of the Association of American Geographers, Atlanta (May).

Boyce, J.K. 1994. "Inequality as a Cause of Environmental Degradation." Ecological Economics, 11(3)(December): 169-178.

Boyle, E.P. 1993. "It's Not Easy Being Green: The Psychology of Racism, Environmental Discrimination, and the Argument for Modernizing Equal Protection Analysis." Vanderbilt Law Review, 6(4)(May): 937-989.

Braile, Robert. 1994. "Is Racism a Factor in Siting Undesirable Facilities?" Garbage, 6(2)(Summer): 13(4 pages).

Brown, Phil. 1994. "Environmental Health and Environmental Justice." Revised version of paper presented to the Society and Health Working Group, Boston Massachusetts, (February 28).

Brown, Phil and Edwin J. Mikelson. 1990. No Safe Place: Toxic Waste, Leukemia, and Community Action. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Bryant, Bunyan (ed.). 1995. Environmental Justice: Issues, Policies, and Solutions. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Bryant, Bunyan and Paul Mohai (eds.). 1992a. Race and the Incidence of Environmental Hazards: A Time for Discourse. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

_____. 1992b. "The Michigan Conference: A Turning Point." EPA Journal, 18(1): 9-10.

Bryant, Pat. 1989. "Toxics and Racial Justice." Social Policy, 20(1)(summer): 48-53.

Bullard, Robert D. 1994. Unequal Protection: Environmental Justice and Communities of Color. San Francisco: Sierra Club Press.

_____. 1993a. "The Threat of Environmental Racism." Natural Resources and Environment, 7(3): 23-26, 55-56.

_____. 1993b. Confronting Environmental Racism: Voices from the Grassroots. South End Press, Boston, MA.

_____. 1992. "Politics of Race and Pollution." Multinational Monitor (June): 22-25.

_____. 1990a. "Ecological Inequities and the New South: Black Communities Under Siege." Journal of Ethnic Studies, 17(4): 101-115.

_____. 1990b. Dumping in Dixie: Race, Class, and Environmental Quality. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

_____. 1983. "Solid Waste Sites and the Black Houston Community." Social Inquiry, 53: 273-288.

Bullard, Robert D. and Beverly H. Wright. 1990. "The Quest for Environmental Equity: Mobilizing the African-American Community for Social Change." Society and Natural Resources, 3:301-311.

_____. 1987a. "Blacks and the Environment." Humboldt Journal of Social Relations, 14: 165-84.

_____. 1987b. "Environmentalism and the Politics of Equity: Emergent Trends in the Black Community." Mid-America Review of Sociology, 12: 21-37.

_____. 1986. "The Politics of Pollution: Implications for the Black Community." Phylon, 47(1): 71-78.

Burch, William R. Jr. 1976. "The Peregrine Falcon and the Urban Poor: Some Sociological Interrelations" in P. Richardson and J. McEvoy (eds.), Human Ecology: An Environmental Approach. Belmont, CA: Duxbury Press.

Burke, Lauretta M. 1993a. Environmental Equity in Los Angeles. Technical Report 93-6, Santa Barbara, CA: National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis, Santa Barbara, CA.

_____. 1993b. "Race and Environmental Equity: A Geographic Analysis in Los Angeles." Geo Info Systems, 3(9): 44-50.

Buttel, Frederick H. and William L. Flinn. 1978. "Social Class and Mass Environmental Beliefs: A Reconsideration." Environment and Behavior, 1: 433-450.

Button, Gregory V. 1995. "What You Don't Know Can't Hurt You: The Right To Know and the Shetland Island Oil Spill." Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 23(2)(June, 1995): 241-263.

Byron, William J. 1975. Toward Stewardship: An Interim Ethic of Poverty, Power, and Pollution. New York: Paulist Press.

California State Legislature, Senate, Urban Growth Policy Project. 1991. Prosperity, Equity, and Environmental Quality: Meeting the Challenge of California's Growth: Final findings and recommendations. Sacramento, CA: Senate Publications.

Capek, Stella M. 1993. "The 'Environmental Justice' Frame: a Conceptual Discussion and an Application." (Special Issue on Environmental Justice). Social Problems, 40(1)(February): 5(20 pages).

_____. 1992. "Environmental Justice, Regulation, and the Local Community." International Journal of Health Services, 22: 729-746.

Caron, Judi Anne. 1989. "Environmental Perspectives of Blacks: Acceptance of the `New Environmental Paradigm'." Journal of Environmental Education, 20(3): 21-26.

Cerrell Associates, Inc. 1984. Political Difficulties Facing Waste-to-Energy Conversion Plant Siting. Prepared for the California Waste management Board. California: Cerrell Associates, Inc.

Chance, Norman A. and Elena N. Andreeva. 1995. "Sustainability, Equity, and Natural Resource Development in Northwest Siberia and Arctic Alaska." Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 23(2)(June): 217-242.

Chase, A.R. 1993. "Assessing and Addressing Problems Posed by Environmental Racism." Rutgers Law Review, 45(2) (Winter): 335-369.

Churchill, Ward. 1993. Struggle for the Land: Indigenous Resistance to Genocide, Ecocide, and Expropriation in Contemporary North America. Monroe, ME: Common Courage Press.

Clayton, Susan. 1994a. "Appeals to Justice in the Environmental Debate." (Green Justice: Conceptions of Fairness and the Natural World). Journal of Social Issues, 50(3)(Fall): 13-28.

Coggin, Terrance P. and John M. Seidl. 1972. Politics American Style: Race, Environment and Central Cities. New York: Prentice-Hall.

Cohen, Maurie J. 1995. "The Spatial Distribution of Toxic Chemical Emissions: Implications for Nonmetropolitan Areas." Society and Natural Resources, (September).

Cole, Luke W. 1992a. Remedies For Environmental Racism: A View From the Field. (Response to Rachel D. Godsil, Michigan Law Review, vol. 90, p. 394). Michigan Law Review, 90(7)(June): 1991-1997.

_____. 1992b. "Empowerment as the Key to Environmental Protection: The Need for Environmental Poverty Law," Ecology Law Quarterly, 19(14).

Collette, W. 1985. "Somewhere Else USA: Fighting Back Against Chemical Dumpers." Southern Neighborhoods, 9(September): 1-3.

Collin, Dave. 1991. "Confronting Environmental Racism." Industrial Worker, 88(October): 10.

Collin, Robert W. 1992. "Environmental Equity: Law and Planning Approach to Environmental Racism." Virginia Environmental Law Journal, 11:495-546.

Collin, Robert W.; Beatley, Timothy; Harris, William. 1995. "Environmental Racism: A Challenge to Community Development." Journal of Black Studies, 25(3)(Jan): 354(23 pages).

Colorado Journal of International Environmental Law and Politics. 1994. Endangered Peoples: Indigenous Rights and the Environment. Niwot, CO: University Press of Colorado.

Colquette, Kelly M. and Elizabeth A. Henry Robertson. 1992. "Environmental Racism: The Causes, Consequences, and Commendations." Tulane Environmental Law Journal, 5: 153-207.

Colten, C. 1990. "Historical Hazards: The Geography of Relict Industrial Wastes." The Professional Geographer, 42(2): 149-161.

Commission for Racial Justice, United Church of Christ. 1987. Toxic Wastes and Race in the United States: A National Report on the Racial and Socioeconomic Characteristics of Communities with Hazardous Wastes Sites. New York: Public Data Access Inc.

Council of Planning Librarians. No Date. Environmental Discrimination: An Annotated Bibliography. Council of Planning librarians bibliography series #306.

Coye, M. J. 1985. "The Health Effects of Agricultural Production: The Health of Agricultural Workers." Journal of Public Health Policy, 6: 349-70.

Cutter, Susan. 1995. "Race Class and Environmental Justice." Progress in Human Geography, 19(1): 107-118.

Cutter, Susan and William Solecki. 1995. "Setting and Environmental Justice in Space and Place: Acute and Chronic Airborne Toxic Releases in the Southeastern United States." Urban Geography.

_____. 1989. "The National Pattern of Airborne Toxic Releases" The Professional Geographer, 41(2): 149-161.

Cvetkovitch, George; Earle, Timothy C. 1994. "The Construction Of Justice: A Case Study of Public Participation in Land Management." Green Justice: Conceptions of Fairness and the Natural World). Journal of Social Issues, 50(3)(Fall): 161(18 pages).

Davies, J. E. et al. 1968. "Problems of Prevalence of Pesticide Residues in Humans." Pesticide Monitoring Journal, 2: 86-.

Davos, C. 1986. "Group Environmental Preference Aggregation - The Principle of Environmental Justice." Journal of Environmental Management, 22(1): 55-65.

Day, Barbara. 1990. "Environmental Racism Puts Toxics in Communities of Color." Guardian, 42(April): 5.

_____. 1991. "Do You Have To Be White To Be Green." Earth Island Journal, 6(Spring): 41-.

De La Pena, Nonny. 1991. "Fighting for the Environment." Hispanic, (March): 18-23.

Derman, Bill and Anne Ferguson. 1995. "Human Rights, Environment, and Development: The Dispossession of Fishing Communities on Lake Malawi." Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 23(2)(June): 125-143.

Di Chiro, Giovanna. 1992. "Defining Environmental Justice: Women's Voices and Grassroots Politics." Socialist Review, 22(4): 92-130.

Dinkins, Carol E. 1995. "Impact of the Environmental Justice Movement on American Industry and Local Government." Administrative Law Review, 47(3)(Summer): 337-353.

Dowie, Mark. 1992. "The New Environmentalism." Utne Reader, 52(July/August): 104-111.

Durett, Dan. 1993. Environmental Justice: Breaking New Ground. Washingtong, DC: Committee of the National Institute for the Environment.

Easton, Billy. 1993. "WHE Act for Justice." Environmental Action, (Winter): 33-35.

Eckholm, E. and J. Scherr. 1978. "Double Standards and the Pesticide Trade." New Scientist, 77: 221-43.

Ecologist. 1993. Whose Common Future: Reclaiming the Commons. Philadelphia: New Society Publishers.

Edelstein, Michael R. 1987. Contaminated Communities: The Social and Psychological Impacts of Residential Toxic Exposure. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

_____. 1990. "Global Dumping Ground." Multinational Monitor, 11(October): 26-29.

Edwards, Mencer Donahue. 1992. "Sustainability and People of Color." (Relevance of environmental health on social justice). EPA Journal, 18(4)(Sept-Oct): 50(2 pages).

Eichstaedt, Peter H. 1994. If You Poison Us: Uranium and Native Americans. Sante Fe: Red Crane Books.

Ellis, Ralph D. 1993. "Quantifying Distributive Justice: an Approach to Environmental and Risk-Related Public Policy." Policy Sciences, 26(2)(May): 99(25 pages).

Ember, Lois R. 1994. "Epa Giving Increased Priority to Environmental Equity Issues." (Includes related article). Chemical & Engineering News, 72(4)(Jan 24): 22(2 pages).

_____. 1994. "Minorities Still More Likely to Live Near Toxic Sites." Chemical & Engineering News, 72(36) (Sept 5): 19.

Erickson, Kai. 1994. A New Species of Trouble: Explorations in Disaster, Trauma, and Community. New York: W.W. Norton.

Ervin, Mike. 1992. "The Toxic Doughnut." (Toxic wastes in minority neighborhoods). Progressive, 56(1)(Jan): 15.

Fairley, P. 1995. "Environmental Justice - Economics Blamed in St. Louis Siting Disparities Study." Chemical Week, (25)(June): 8-8.

Faupel, Charles E., Conner Bailey and Gary Griffin. 1991. "Local Media Roles in Defining Hazardous Waste as a Social Problem: The Case of Sumter County, Alabama." Sociological Spectrum, 11(4):293-319.

Fisher, Michael. 1995. "Environmental Racism Claims Brought Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act." Environmental Law, 25(2)(Spring): 285-334.

Fitton, Laura. 1992. A Study of the Correlation between the Siting of Hazardous Waste Facilities and Racial and Socioeconomic Characteristics. Washington, DC: Center for Policy Alternatives.

Foster, S. 1993. "Race(ial) Matters - The Quest for Environmental Justice." Ecology Law Quarterly, 20(4): 721-753.

Freeman, A. Myrick. 1972. "The Distribution of Environmental Quality," in Allen V. Kneese and Blain T. Bower (eds.), Environmental Quality Analysis: Theory and Method in the Social Sciences. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Fugazzotto, Peter. 1994. "Angling for Environmental Justice." (attempt to keep San Francisco Bay pollution-free). Earth Island Journal, 9(3)(Summer): 19.

Garcia, Arnoldo. 1990. "Environmental Inequities." Crossroads, 16(June): 18-19.

Gardner, Florence Catherine. 1993. Environmental Justice Organizing and Economic Change in the Southern United States: an Inquiry into the Limits of Theory. Dissertation.

Gedicks, Al. 1993. The New Resource Wars: Native and Environmental Struggles Against Multinational Corporations. Boston: South End Press.

Gelobter, Michael. 1993. Race, Class, and Outdoor Air Pollution: The Dynamics of Environmental Discrimination from 1970 to 1990. Dissertation.

_____. 1989. The Distribution of Air Pollution by Income and Race. Master's Project, Energy and Resource Group. Berkeley, CA: University of California.

Gerrard, Michael B. and Monica Jahan Bose. 1997. "The Emerging Law of Environmental Justice." Chemical Waste Litigatioin Reporter, (September).

_____. 1994. Whose Backyard, Whose Risk: Fear and Fairness in Toxic and Nuclear Waste Siting. Boston: MIT Press.

Gianessi, L., et al. 1979. "The Distributional Effects of Uniform Air Pollution Policy in the US." Quarterly Journal of Economics, (May): 281-301.

Gillroy, J.M., (ed.). 1993. Environmental Risk, Environmental Values, and Political Choices: Beyond Efficiency Trade-offs in Public Policy Analysis. Boulder, CO: Westview Press,

Glaser, James M. 1994. "Back to the Black Belt: Racial Environment and White Racial Attitudes in the South." Journal of Politics, 56(1)(February): 21(21 pages).

Glickman, Theodore S. and Robert Hersh. 1995. Evaluating Environmental Equity: The Impacts of Industrial Hazards on Selected Social Groups in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. Discussion Paper 95-13. Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.

Godsil, Rachel D. "Remedying Environmental Racism." Michigan Law Review, 90(2)(November): 394-427.

Goldman Benjamin A. 1995. "Combating Environmental Racism." Chemistry & Industry, 2:72-72.

_____. 1993. Not Just Prosperity: Achieving Sustainability With Environmental Justice. Washington, DC : National Wildlife Federation, Corporate Conservation Council.

_____. 1991. The Truth About Where You Live: An Atlas for Action on Toxins and Mortality. New York: Times Books.

Goldsmith, M.F. 1989. "As Farmworkers Help Keep America Healthy, Illness May Be Their Harvest." Journal of the American Medical Association, 261: 3207-3213.

Gottlieb, Robert. 1992. "A Question of Class: The Workplace Experience." (Environment as Politics: The Shifting Ground of Activism). Socialist Review, 22(4)(Oct-Dec): 131(35 pages).

Gould, J. M. 1986. Quality of Life in American Neighborhoods: Levels of Affluence, Toxic Waste, and Cancer Mortality in Residential Zip Code Areas. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Greenberg, Michael R. 1993. "Proving Environmental Inequity in the Siting of Locally Unwanted Land Uses." Journal of Risk: Issues in Health and Safety, 4: 235-252.

_____, et al. 1984. "Social and Economic Effects of Hazardous Waste Management Sites." Hazardous Waste, 1:387-.

Grinde, Donald A. and Bruce E. Johansen. 1995. Ecocide of Native America: Environmental Destruction of Indian Lands and People. Sante Fe, NM: Clear Light Publishers.

Grossman, K. 1992. "From Toxic Racism to Environmental Justice." E Magazine, (May): 28-35.

_____. 1991. "Environmental Racism." Crisis, 98(4): 14-17, 31-32.

Hall, Annabel T. 1993. The Egg: An Eco-Justice Quarterly by the National Council of Churches Eco-Justice Working Group. Ithica, NY: Cornell University.

Hamilton, James T. 1995. "Testing for Environmental Racism: Prejudice, Profits, Political Power?" Journal of Policy Analysis & Management, 14(1)(Winter): 107(26 pages).

Handy, F. 1977. "Income and Air Quality in Hamilton, Ontario." Alternatives, 6(3): 18-24.

Hare, N. 1970. "Black Ecology." The Black Scholar, 6: 2-8.

Harrison, D., Jr. 1975. Who Pays for Clean Air: The Cost and Benefit Distribution of Automobile Emission Standards. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.

Harrison, D. and D. L. Rubinfeld. 1978. "The Distribution of Benefits from improvements in Urban Air Quality." Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 5: 313-32.

Hayes, Arthur S. 1991. "New Specialty Helps Poor Fight Pollution." Wall Street Journal, October 3, 1991, 3.

Hecht, Susanna and Alexander Cockburn. 1989. "Land, Trees, and Justice: Defenders of the Amazon." Nation, (May 22): 695-701.

Herrman, Pauline. 1995. "Human Environmental Crisis and the Transnational Corporation: The question of Culpability." Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 23(2)(June): 285-290.

Hersch, Robert. 1995. Race and Industrial Hazards: An Historical Geography of the Pittsburgh Region, 1900-1990. Discussion Paper 95-18. Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.

Hester, R. 1987. "Participatory Design and Environmental Justice-Pas-de-Deux or Time to Change Partners." Journal of Architectural and Planning Design, 4(4): 289-300.

Higgins, R.R. 1993. "Race And Environmental Equity - An Overview of the Environmental Justice Issue in the Policy Process." Polity, 26(2)(Winter): 281-300.

Hill, David (ed.) 1973. The Quality of Life in America; Pollution, Poverty, Power, and Fear. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Hinds, C. et al. 1992. "From the Front Lines of the Movement for Environmental Justice." Social Policy, 22(4): 12-22.

Hird, John A. 1993. "Environmental policy and equity: The case of Superfund." Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 12: 323-343.

Hofrichter, Richard (ed.). 1993. Toxic struggles: The Theory and Practice of Environmental Justice. Philadelphia: New Society Publishers.

Howell, Frank M. and John K. Thomas. 1994. "The Spatial Visualization of Environmental Equity: Toward an Understanding of Conceptual and Methodological Issues. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Mid-South Sociological Association, Lafayette, LA.

Hurley, Andrew. 1995. Environmental Inequalities: Class, Race, and Industrial Pollution in Gary, Indiana, 1945-1980. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Hurley, Andrew. 1988. "The Social Biases of Environmental Change in Gary, Indiana, 1945-1980." Environmental Review, 12(4): 1-19.

Jaimes, Annette (ed.). 1992. The State of Native America: Genocide, Colonization, and Resistance. Boston: South End Press.

Johnston, Barbara R (ed.). 1994. Who Pays the Price? The Sociocultural Context of Environmetnal Crisis. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Johnson, James H. and Melvin L. Oliver. 1989. "Blacks and the Toxic Crisis." Western Journal of Black Studies, 13(2): 72-78.

Jordan, Charles and Donald Snow. 1992. "Diversification, Minorities, and the Mainstream Environmental Movement." In Donald Snow(ed.), Voices from the Environmental Movement: Perspectives for a New Era. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Karliner, Joshua. 1994. Toxic Empire: The Wmx Corporation, Hazardous Waste, and Global Strategies For Environmental Justice. San Francisco, CA: Political Ecology Group.

Kasperson, Roger E.(ed.) 1983. Equity in Radioactive Waste Management. Boston: Oegleschlager, Gunn, and Hain.

Kates, Robert W. and Viola Haarman. 1992. "Where the Poor Live?" Environment, 34(4): 4-11,25-28.

Keeva, Steven. 1994. "A Breath of Justice; Along With Equal Employment Opportunity And Voting, Living Free from Pollution is Emerging as a New Civil Right." (Includes related article on ABA resolution on environmental justice). ABA Journal, 80(Feb): 88(5 pages).

Kraft, Michael E.; Scheberle, Denise. 1995. "Environmental Justice and the Allocation of Risk: The Case of Lead and Public Health" (Symposium on Environmental Health Policy). Policy Studies Journal, 23(1)(Spring): 113(10 pages).

Krieg, Eric. 1995. "A Socio-Historical Interpretation of Toxic Waste Sites: The Case of Greater Boston." The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 54(1): 1-14.

Kruvant, W.J. 1975. "People, Energy, and Pollution." In D.K. Newman and D. Day (eds.), The American Energy Consumer. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing,

Kuzmiak, D.T. 1991. "The American Environmental Movement." Geographical Journal, 157(3): 265-278.

LaBalme, J. 1987. A Road to Walk, A Struggle for Environmental Justice. Durham, NC: Regulator Press.

Laituri, Melinda; Kirby, Andrew. 1994. "Finding Fairness In America's Cities? The Search For Environmental Equity In Everyday Life (Green Justice: Conceptions of Fairness and the Natural World)." Journal of Social Issues, 50(3)(Fall): 121(19 pages).

Lampe, David. 1992. "The Politics of Environmental Equity." National Civic Review, 81(1)(Winter-Spring).

Lavelle, Marianne. 1994a. "Help Sought from 'Green' Justice Panel." (Plaintiffs' group from Texarkana, Texas is first to ask National Environmental Justice Advisory Council to intervene in a case). National Law Journal, 17(9)(Mon, Oct 31): A16, col 1.

_____. 1994b. "Poor Residents Say EPA Hasn't Got the Lead Out; Broken Promises of Regulators and the Naacp Litter the Ground Near a Vacant Foundry." (Public housing project residents in Virginia who claim toxic lead levels... ). National Law Journal, 17(8)(Mon, Oct 24): A1, col 2.

_____. 1994c. "Greens and Companies Lose Leader; Did Naacp's Ben Chavis Switch Sides, or Work to Bring Opponents Together?" (Chavis's involvement in environmental racism movement). (Includes related article on overhaul of... ). National Law Journal, 17(1)(Mon, Sept 5): A1, col 4.

_____. 1994d. "EPA Responds to Concerns of Minorities On Cleanups." National Law Journal, 16(36)(Mon, May 9): A12, col 1.

_____. 1994e. "Minority Activists are Split on Superfund." (Brief Article). National Law Journal, 16(25)(Mon, Feb 21): 6, col 2.

_____. 1993. "Environmental Racism Targeted; Congressional Hearing." National Law Journal, 15(26)(Mon, March 1): 3, col 1.

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